Accessibility and Strategic Location

There are eight international airports, one of which is the busiest airport in the Caribbean, with direct flights from North, Central, and South America, as well as Europe. The Dominican Republic is easily accessible not only through international airlines and charter operators but also through various cruise lines.

Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is the Caribbean island with the most international airports. The Dominican Republic is larger than most Caribbean islands and an error in travel planning could place a tourist a four-hour bus trip away or US$100 taxi ride away from the hotel, when there very likely is an airport less than an hour away.

Travelers should also consider the possibility of booking their arrival to one airport and departure through another in order to see more of the country. The Dominican Republic is the Caribbean island with the most international airports. The Dominican Republic is larger than most Caribbean islands and an error in travel planning could place a tourist a four-hour bus trip away or US$100 taxi ride away from the hotel, when there very likely is an airport less than an hour away.

The DR as of 2008 has become an unsurpassable Caribbean destination for fly-ins and small plane travelers. The DR numerous airfields and diversity of vacation lands, from mountain to desert land to variety of beaches, world known golf courses and ecotourism adventure spots, make the DR the most attractive country for aviation tourism in the Caribbean. Decree 169-08 issued this year exempts pilots of small airplanes (up to 30,000 lbs and max of 12 passengers) from paying airport charges. At the same time, the government also reduced paperwork to a minimum so that after landing at one airport, pilots can continue on to other airports and airfields in the DR, truly making for a wonderful multi-destination visit in the country.

Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic
Airport Las Americas International Airport (SDQ)
Location Punta Caucedo, National District
Coast South Coast
Best for Santo Domingo, Boca Chica, Juan Dolio (San Pedro de Macoris)
Airport La Isabela International Airport (JBQ)
Location Santo Domingo
Coast South Coast
Best for Santo Domingo, domestic commuter flights and flights to Haiti and the Caribbean including Puerto Rico as of 2007
Airport Punta Cana International Airport (PUJ)
Location Cabeza de Toro, La Altagracia
Coast East Coast
Best for Higuey, Punta Cana, Bavaro, El Cortecito, Macao, Uvero Alto
Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic
Airport Gregorio Luperón Puerto Plata International Airport (POP)
Location Puerto Plata
Coast North Coast
Best for Puerto Plata, Luperon, Maimon, Costambar, Cofresí, Playa Dorada, Sosúa, Cabarete, Río San Juan
Airport Samana International Airport (AZS)
Location El Catey, Maria Trinidad Sanchez
Coast Northeast Coast
Best for Playa Grande, Nagua, San Francisco de Macoris, Samanao
Airport La Romana International Airport (LRM)
Location Batey Cacata, La Romana
Coast Southeast Coast
Best for La Romana, Bayahibe, Higuey, San Pedro de Macorís
Airport Cibao International Airport (STI)
Location Santiago de los Caballeros
Coast Central Valley
Best for Santiago, La Vega (Jarabacoa and Constanza), San Francisco de Macorís
Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic
Airport El Portillo International Airport (EPS)
Location Las Terrenas, Portillo
Coast Northeast Coast
Best for Las Terrenas, Portillo, northern Samaná beach areas
Airport Arroyo Barril International Airport
Location Samaná
Coast Northeast Coast
Best for Samaná City, Sánchez, Las Galeras
Airport María Montez International Airport (BRX)
Location Barahona
Coast Southwest Coast
Best for Barahona, Pedernales
Airport Constanza 14 de Junio International Airport (COZ)
Location Constanza
Central Mountain Area Cordillera Central
Best for Constanza

Seaports

Cruise ships dock periodically at the larger Dominican ports:

Samana city (off shore)

Santo Domingo: Don Diego and Sans Souci

Isla Catalina (La Romana)

La Romana

Because they are shallow and subject to wide seasonal changes in flow, most of the Dominican Republic’s rivers are not used for transportation. The mouths of several rivers are used as harbors, but the rivers themselves are navigable only by small craft for short distances.

The Rio Ozama is navigable for approximately 5 kilometers (3 miles), from its mouth at the Port of Santo Domingo to its junction with the Rio Isabela. From this point, the Rio Isabela is navigable west approximately 2 kilometers (1 mile) to the highway bridge and a cement plant, which has a private dock. Depths along the channel range from 7 meters (23 feet) to as few as 3 meters (10 feet) and are affected by variations in seasonal flow.

Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic operates as many as 15 seaports; 9 are engaged in international commerce, while 6 are limited to internal trade. The four major seaports include Haina, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo, and Barahona.

Haina port is located at the mouth of the Haina River, 16 kilometers from Santo Domingo on the southern coast of the Dominican Republic. The port of Haina was formerly an expansion of Santo Domingo; however, new container equipment has made Haina one of the most modern ports in the Caribbean. Haina port has replaced Santo Domingo and Boca Chica as Dominican Republic’s central shipping facility. Haina Port has berthing facilities for break-bulk, bulk, liquid, roll-on/ roll-off (RO/RO) cargo, and containers. Up to 85 percent of the island’s import traffic is handled through Santo Domingo and Haina. Export at Haina includes sugar, molasses, grain, fuel oil, and general cargo.

Puerto Plata is a small, open, roadstead port. It is the principal port on the northern coast of the Dominican Republic. This port serves an agricultural area and is a transshipment center for tobacco, coffee, sugarcane, and rum; it also serves the tourist trade. Puerto Plata is accessible from the northeast between Punta Fortaleza on the west and Punta Cafemba on the east. Harbor entry may be difficult between October and May, when high swells from the north/northeast are frequent. Deepwater anchorage is available outside the port. Puerto Plata links to Cibao Valley via a two-lane, bituminous coal highway that extends southwesterly 44 kilometers (27 miles) to National Route 1.

Family Prime, Accessibility and Strategic Location, Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo, a natural river port, lies at the mouth of the Rio Ozama. Situated on both banks of the river, the port of Santo Domingo serves as a transshipment point for sugar, coffee, and tropical fruit export. Berths for the discharge of break-bulk, dry and liquid bulk cargo, and containers are available at the port. A cruise ship quay contributes to port traffic. Santo Domingo Port can accommodate vessels up to break-bulk class E, container class C-F, RO/RO class R-D, bulk class BC-D, and naval class N-D. No fixed heavy lift cranes are available at the port, and vessels must use ship’s gear during cargo handling operations. Anchorage is available approximately 1 kilometer west-southwest of Santo Domingo at depths of 9 meters. Pilotage is compulsory. The commander of the port and collector of customs have authority over port operations.

Barahona Port is a natural coastal port, on the southwest shore of the Bahia de Neiba. Berths at the port are suited principally for the export of dry bulk cargo, but break-bulk cargo is also accommodated. No fixed, heavy-lift cranes are available at the port for breakbulk, and ship gear must be used for cargo discharge.

Anchorage is available in good holding grounds, just outside of the port entrance, at depths of 12.8 to 14.6 meters (42 to 48 feet). Barahona Port is both road- and rail-served. The rail line extends inland to the mining area or sugar fields and is not used for port clearance. Clearance of the port occurs by way of a one- to two-lane bituminous coal highway south to the Haitian border. Pilotage is compulsory. The commander of the port and collector of customs have authority over port operations.

Spread the love